Diagnosing Influenza Can Be a Challenge
Difficulties of diagnosing children
Influenza is responsible for substantial morbidity in children and increases the need for healthcare, including hospitalization.8
A prospective, population-based study showed that:
- 83% of children were misdiagnosed in the outpatient setting.9
- 72% of children were misdiagnosed in the inpatient setting.9
Flu vaccine effectiveness varies. Therefore, influenza should not be ruled out in the differential diagnosis.18
Patients who may benefit from Tamiflu32
The CDC recommends initiation of antiviral treatment as early as possible (within the first 2 days of symptom onset) for any patient who:
- Is at higher risk of influenza complications, including children <2 years of age.
- Is not at high risk but presents with confirmed or suspected influenza.
Antiviral therapies such as Tamiflu may:
- Reduce the severity of illness.
- Shorten the duration of illness.
Resources to help improve your influenza diagnoses
Influenza surveillance by static and local health departments and CDC can provide information regarding the presence of influenza viruses in the community.
Use the FluTracker to find out where the flu is circulating nationwide.
Proper Diagnosis Is Essential for Early and Appropriate Influenza Treatment17
Early and accurate diagnosis of influenza helps guide treatment and prevention decisions.
Next Step: Learn about management of influenza ›